When is the tooth extraction necessary?

In most cases, teeth that are broken or damaged by tooth decay can be corrected with a filling, crown, or other dental treatment. With this condition, sometimes the damage is too severe to be repaired, so your dentist will recommend having the tooth extracted.

Some other reasons for which tooth extraction may be necessary are;

  • If the caries has reached the depths of the tooth, then,
  • If the infection has destroyed a large part of the tooth or the surrounding bone
  • If there is not enough space for all the teeth in your mouth
  • If unnecessary teeth prevent other teeth from coming out
  • If the milk teeth have not fallen out in time for permanent teeth to come out
  • In people who wear braces (braces) or have undergone other orthodontic treatment, some teeth may need to be pulled out to make room for the teeth to move into place.
  • The third molar teeth (wisdom teeth or 3. wisdom teeth, also called large molars), can usually be pulled out in adolescence or early 20s.

Preparation Before Tooth Extraction

Before the tooth is extracted, your dentist will thoroughly review your oral and dental health history and take any necessary X-rays. The X-ray will reveal the size, shape, and position of the tooth and surrounding bone. Thanks to this information, your dentist can estimate the difficulty of the procedure and decide whether to refer you to a maxillofacial surgeon.

Before a simple tooth extraction is performed, the area around your infected tooth is numbed using local anesthesia. However, during more complicated tooth extractions, called surgical tooth extraction, your dentist or maxillofacial surgeon may administer intravenous (IV) anesthesia, which can range from conscious sedation to general anesthesia that puts you to sleep. If this happens, have someone drive you home after the procedure and stay with you until the numbness subsides.

Tooth Extraction Process and Types

There are two types of tooth extraction that can be applied;

Simple tooth extraction is performed on the visible tooth in the mouth. Simple tooth extractions are usually done by the general dentist. In a simple tooth extraction, your dentist will numb the tooth and gum tissue and loosen it with an instrument called a dental elevator before removing the tooth with dental pliers.

Surgical extraction (tooth extraction) is a more complex procedure used for a tooth that is broken at the gumline or has not yet started to appear in the mouth. Surgical tooth extractions are usually performed by maxillofacial surgeons. However, it can also be done by general dentists. During surgical tooth extraction, the doctor will make a small incision inside your gum and remove the tooth underneath. Sometimes they will need to remove some of the bone around the tooth or cut the tooth in half to pull it out.

After tooth extraction, you may experience a small amount of pain and discomfort after extraction. In some cases, your dentist will recommend or prescribe a pain killer for you.

Putting an ice pack on the cheek for 15 minutes at a time may work. You should also limit strenuous activities, avoid hot liquids, and not use a straw. Under normal circumstances, the discomfort will subside in three days to two weeks. However, if you experience prolonged or severe pain, swelling, bleeding, or fever, call your dentist or maxillofacial surgeon immediately.

In the field of tooth extraction, whether the performer is an experienced professional or a novice, the best method for a successful and uncomplicated procedure is to carefully follow your dentist’s recommendations before and after the procedure. Tooth extraction can help you smile healthy and confident, as well as make your teeth look even better.

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